Omo Valley Tribes
Discover Ethiopia’s unique history, people, nature, culture, landscape, … tours. Ethiopia also is known as a museum of peoples as it represents a mosaic of national/ linguistic communities or nations, speaking more than 83 different languages, with about 200 dialects, and professing different religions. It is a land of contrast and diversity boasting numerous interesting and wonderful tourist attractions. The natural beauty of Ethiopia amazes the first time visitor as the country is a land of rugged mountains (some 25 are over 4,000 meters high), broad savannah lakes and rivers. The great and unique Rift Valley is a remarkable region of volcanic lakes with their famous collections of flora and fauna, and bird life, great escarpments and stunning vistas. The diversity of history, culture and geography, which so overwhelm the visitor to Ethiopia, is no accident of place, it is indicative of quite an extra-ordinary past.
The Hamar occupy a mountainous region in the eastern part of the lower Omo Valley. Their name is also spelled Hamer. The “Jumping the bull” ceremony is the most spectacular rite of passage in Southern Ethiopia. This ceremony marks the initiation of young men in to adult hood. The main players are the initiates, those who are going to jump the bulls and the maz, those recently initiated who have already undergone this rite. The initiate boys are required to jump in to the backs of formidable obstacle jump down on to the other side and then repeat the entire procedure on the day after the “ jumping the bull” ceremony, women gather together, beautifully attired in their bedded skins and iron jeweler. Hammer women wear their hair in dense ringlets smeared with mud and clarified butter4 and topped off with a head featuring oblongs of gleaming aluminum courtship daces follow and continue for the following two days and night. Their dance styles called “evangadi” and “ camp fire” ritual has attracted many scholars artists and visitors to their land from different parts of the globe.
Konso people who are famous for their traditional terracing system, and the compound of Konso’s chief house, Waka Totem (Grave Wooden Totem). It symbolizes the heroism acts of the dead when he was acting as an important leader. The hero’s sculpture can be easily identified by its phallic decoration and relatively larger size. His slain enemies whom he had defeated and they will be represented with smaller and without phallic sculpture will surround it.etc.
The Tsemay are personally located in the southern region, with no more than 10,000 people. In rural areas of Ethiopia, girls are mostly requiring to keep their virginity until they get married Nevertheless this custom is not generalized throughout the county. The Tsemay can engage in premarital relations, and amongst youngsters having sexual partner is not un common.
The Mursi are cattle hardier and cultivators whose number about 6000 and live in the lower valley of the river Omo. The Mursi are renowned for the strange customs followed by their women who are reaching maturity have their lower lips slit and circular clay inserted. The plates made from mud (reddish or black) or wood. There are different sizes and shapes (circular or trapezoidal) they may be decorated with cuts or incisions on the wood or mud. Sometimes the center is hollow, forming a large labial ring. The larger the disc the more desirable the wearer.
They are famous for their beehive huts all over the posters and photos.it is measures as long as 12m with a central pillar carrying the whole load o the tukul. It then woven with bamboo in vertical and horizontal styles. The down word nature o the structure is to resist the torrential rainfall of the area and the house well built may last half a century without any major maintenance. The Dorzes having this remarkable experience will produce the famous weaving in the country
The Dasanech occupy land on both sides of the Omo River. The Dasanech are known all concern the same people. The most important ritual of Dasanech is the So-called dime. The daughter is most important in the dimi ceremony. The whole population of a tribal section attends this ceremony where, for six weeks. The dime ritual is directly connected to the upcoming marriage of the daughters and consists for the larger part of slaughtering large quantities of cattle. By the end of the ceremony the participants are well dressed, with ostrich feathers in their clay hair, oxtails around their arms, leopard skins over their shoulder.
The Karo people, who live in the Southern Omo Zone or Omo Valley, are a small group only about 1000 people. The Karo are considered the master of body painting in which they engage when preparing for a dance feast or celebration. They are physically attractive because of their elaborate body decoration and modification. This is an elaborate process which ranges from fine and elaborate details to rough, but striking paintings traced with the palms or fingers. The most beautiful expression is in the facial and chest paintings that combine white (chalk), black coal, yellow, Ochre, and red Minerals, Suri, Karo and Nyangtom women apply Ornamental Scarification, on abdomen, arms and back, which enhance their beauty in the eyes of man.
The Kangattan also known as Bume, the Kangattan belong to the Nilo Saharan linguistic group. Kangattan women are known for their enormous bead necklaces and for their use red ochre in their hairdo. Ornamentation of the women is designed not only for beauty, but also to assert the woman’s social status. The number, color, and variety of necklaces worn make a social declaration. Kangattan men use the delicately colored clay head caps decorated with feather. They use natural clay and pigments found in their area, the Omo River basin. Colors are made from chalk; soft red, bluish, grey and yellow stones; and charcoal powder. In addition, both men and women also insert lip plugs of ivory, aluminum or wood on the lower lip. Scarification on bodies is a typical decoration for both men and women. They made little dots to highlights their eye and cheekbones.
Surma (Suri) Tribe
The Surma (Suri) used to be nomadic pastoralists, but now depend on substance cultivation of sorghum and maize. The most famous tradition the Surma is ‘Donga’ or stick fighting. At a certain age, they must face each other with long wooden clubs (donga), around two meters in length and whose ends have phallic form. Each contestant wears a dueling kit which both protective and decorative.