is the oldest (Ancient) city of Ethiopia; Axum is the only one which also exists today as a modern town. It history goes 2,000 years back. It was the capital of Axumite kingdom. Now, the most obvious existing remains are the huge stone monoliths, or stele some still standing. Axum also to be the place where the original ark of the covenant is housed. It is known for its great steles. The place ruins of different Axumite kings with their underground tombs. The archeological museum and St Mary of Zion church compound. Furthermore the imposing ruins of yeha’s temple and Debre Damo monastery. Both erected in the 5th century B.C can be visited around Axum.